An adverb is a word that tells us more about a verb, an adjective or another adverb. We
say that an adverb describes or modifies (limits the meaning of) these words. A phrase which
functions as an adverb is called an adverbial.
Adverb वह शब्द होता है जो verb, adjective या adverb के अर्थ को modifies करता है। Adverb से प्रतीत
होता add' अर्थात् दिए गए sentence में प्रभाव को बढ़ाने के लिए कुछ जोड़ना।
(1) Radha speaks slowly.
(ii) The weather is fairly warm.
दिए गए example के पहले sentence में adverb 'slowly verb 'speaks' को modify करता है I
In sentence 2, adverb 'fairly' adjective 'warm' modify करता है।
USES OF ADVERBS
An adverb is used:
to describe a verb
1. Lata sings well.
The adverb “well” describes the verb “sings.”
2. Tara walks gracefully.
(The word “gracefully” is an adverb. It modifies the verb “to walk.”)
to describe an adjective
She wore a beautifully designed dress.
The adverb “beautifully” modifies the adjective “designed”
to describe another adverb
Lata finished her assignment remarkably quickly.
Here, the adverb “quickly” modifies the verb “to finish.” The adverb “remarkably” modifies the adverb
TYPES OF ADVERBS
There are generally six kinds or types of adverbs which are discussed as given below:
1. ADVERB OF MANNER:
Adverb of manner हमें बताता है कि कोई कार्य कैसे और किस तरह होता है।
Adverb of Manner: Answers How? In what manner or way?
Examples: well, ill, badly, safely, speedily, skilfully sweetly, certainly, wrongly, foolishly,
playfully, carelessly etc.
(i) The girl shouted angrily.
(ii) The Marathas fought bravely.
(iii) Radha sang sweetly.
(iv) Sohan cried loudly.
(v) Amir plays skillfully.
2. ADVERD OF PLACE:
यह हमें बताता है कि कार्य किस स्थान पर हुआ।
Adverb of Place: Answers Where?
Examples: here, there, above, below, down, near, inside outside, outdoors indoors, up, everywhere, nowhere,
(i) Come and meet me here.
(ii) The accident took place there.
(iii) Rama lives here
(iv) Munesh, the clerk is waiting outside.
(v) Guests are sleeping upstairs.
3. ADVERD OF TIME:
यह बताता है कि कार्य किस समय हुआ।
Adverb of Time: Answers When?
Examples: after, before, today, tomorrow, early, late, soon, now, then, still, immediately, this year, last
night, this morning etc.
(i) The train is coming late.
(ii) Katrina met me yesterday.
(iii) We came yesterday.
(iv) They left early
(v) This morning we woke up late.
4. ADVERB OF FREQUENCY OR NUMBER:
यह हमें बताता है कि कार्य कितनी बार व कैसे frequently होता है।
It answers: How often? How many times?
often, always, rarely, twice again, seldom, never, firstly, normally, generally, usually, regularly, daily
(i) Mr. Gupta is always late for office.
(ii) Our manager was almost angry.
(iii) Trainer is often late.
(iv) Aditi never tells a lie.
(v) Exam Master magazine comes out weekly.
5. ADVERB OF QUANTITY OR DEGREE:
यह adverb किसी वस्तु की quantity व degree को दर्शाता है।
It answers: How much?
very, almost, much, more, little, too, partly, hardly, extremely etc.
(i) Mohini is too clever.
(ii) The bucket is nearly full.
(iii) Heena is very beautiful.
(iv) Rohan walks too fast.
(v) Her clothes were extremely dirty.
6. INTERROGATIVE ADVERB:
इन adverbs का प्रयोग question पूछने के लिए किया जाता है।
It is used for asking questions:
when, where, why, how
(i) When will the train come?
(ii) Why was he crying?
(iii) Where do you live?
'When and Why interrogative adverbs है क्योंकि इनका प्रयोग question पूछने के लिए किया गया है।
FORMATION OF ADVERBS
We can form adverbs usually by adding ‘ly' to adjectives. However, adverbs without "ly' are also
Adjective: Able, careful, fair, keen, mere, odd, quiet, soft, usual,
Adverb: Ably, carefully, fairly, keenly, merely, oddly, quietly, softly,
Adjectives ending in 'y preceded by a consonant are converted into adverbs by dropping the ‘y' and
Adjective: gloomy, angry, noisy, happy, merry, lucky easy
Adverb: gloomily, angrily, noisily, happily, merrily, luckily, easily
Some adverbs do not end with ly
Johnny runs very fast.
Ruby is quite beautiful.
The boy ran fast.
He paints well.
ADVERBS FROM PARTICIPLES:
Some adverbs are made out of participles & For example:
Surprising, pleasing, amazing, daring, increasing, seeming, longing, willing, fixed, drunken,
Surprisingly, pleasingly, amazingly, daringly, increasingly, seemingly, longingly, willingly,
fixedly, drunkenly, admittedly
Not all words that end in 'y' are adverbs. Some adjectives end in "ly, too
a lonely boy, a friendly neighbours, a lovely present.
Some adverbs have two forms, each of which has a different meaning
He worked very hard. (With a lot of efforts)
He hardly works. (He works a little, almost never)
COMPARISON OF ADVERBS:
Adverbs like adjectives have degrees of comparison which are formed in the same way.
Adverbs of one syllable form their degrees by adding ‘er’ and ‘est’ respectively.
Adverbs ending in ‘ly’ form their degrees with ‘more’ and ‘most’.
Some adverbs have irregular comparatives and superlatives.
Examination Style Questions
EXERCISES FOR PRACTICE
Solved EXERCISE 1
Pick out the adverbs in the following sentences:
(1) This book is very interesting.
(2) Sita is feeling much better now.
(3) The peacock dances gracefully.
(4) I am very sorry for my mistake.
(5) He was married fifteen years ago.
(6) Your words are quite logical.
(7) The train is often crowded in the morning.
(8) She is very clever.
(9) He hardly sings now.
(10) She plays chess well.
(1) very, (2) much, (3) gracefully, (4) very. (5) ago, (6) quite, (7) often, (10) well.
Solved EXERCISE 2
Answer the following questions with the help of adverbs of degree given in
(1) How quickly did he run? (very)
(2) How tall is she? (very)
(3) How soon is he reaching? (very)
(4) How warm is the water? (fairly)
(5) How high is the building? (too)
(6) How tired was he? (quite)
(7) How useless is the book? (completely)
(8) How tall is the girl? (enough)
(9) To what extent was the headmaster angry? (almost)
(10) How hot is the sun? (extremely)
(1) He ran very quickly.
(2) She is very tall.
(3) He is reaching very soon.
(4) The water is fairly warm.
(5) The building is too high.
(6) He was quite tired.
(7) The book is completely useless.
(8) The girl is tall enough.
(9) The headmaster was almost angry.
(10) The sun is extremely hot.
Solved EXERCISE 3
Correct the following sentences:
(1) Rama works hardly.
(2) The lion ran fastly.
(3) Madhuri comes here seldom.
(4) Please kindly favour me.
(5) I came directly from Shimla.
(6) This cupboard is very heavy for me to lift.
(7) It is nothing else than self-respect.
(8) This game is much interesting.
(9) The Jasmin smells sweetly.
(10) We are in need of money badly.
(1) Rama works hard.
(2) The lion ran fast.
(3) Madhuri seldom comes here.
(4) Please favour me/kindly favour me.
(5) I came direct from Shimla.
(6) This cupboard is too heavy for me to lift.
(7) It is nothing else, but self-respect.
(8) This game is very interesting.
(9) The Jasmin smells sweet.
(10) We are badly in need of money.
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