The verb in the above sentences consists of two parts:
The Principal or the Main Verb bought, come, dance and the Helping Verb or the Auxiliary Verb, have, may and was.
Thus, we see that there are two classes of verbs in English
(i) Auxiliaries: be (is, are, am, was, were, been), has, had, do, does, did, has, have, had, will, shall, can, would, should, could, might, ought (to), must, need, dare
(ii) Principal Verbs or Ordinary Verbs: Transitive and Intransitive Verbs
The teacher punished the boy.
I play football.
He called the doctor.
The action denoted by the verbs punished, play and called is incomplete without the words the boy, football and the doctor.
In the above sentences one of the objects is directly affected by the verb and is called the Direct Object. It generally refers to something. The other object is indirectly affected by the verb and is called the Indirect Object. It generally refers to a person. Thus, a book, a trick and a story are Direct Objects while Ram, and me are Indirect Objects.
The Indirect Object comes first and the Direct Object comes after the Indirect Object.
But their positions can be inverted by making the Indirect Object the object of a preposition.
The teacher gave Ram a book.
The teacher gave a book to Ram.
You played him a trick.
You played a trick on him.
My mother told me a story.
My mother told a story to me
Note-The Direct Object cannot be made an object to a preposition. The verbs that generally take two objects after them are ask, give, offer, promise, write, tell, grant, show, etc.
The boys made Kamal their monitor.
Success made him proud.
They found the soldier lying dead.
The sentence ‘The boys made Kamal' is incomplete and meaningless. What did the boys make Kamal? They made him their monitor. Hence the addition of the words ‘their monitor’ makes the sense complete. The complement after the Transitive Verbs is called the Objective Complement as it refers to the object. The complement may be used in the following different forms.
(a) Noun-They made him their leader.
(b) Adjective-The news turned him mad.
(c) Participle-The mother found the child sleeping.
(d) Infinitive-We wish him to retire.
(e) Preposition with object-The accident filled us with sorrow.
(f) Adverb-We found the watchman asleep.
(g) Clause-I found the book where it had been placed.
He eats bread.
He opened the door.
The peon rings the bell.
I stopped the horse.
He moved the table.
We eat to live.
The door room opened.
The bell rings.
The horse stopped suddenly.
The earth moves.
Note-Verbs like come, go, fall, die, sleep etc. can never be used transitively.
I enjoy myself.
The man killed himself.
One should not forget oneself.
Make yourself comfortable.
Important Exam Style Questions on Verbs: Find out the transitive verbs in the following sentences.
(1) Mr. Sharma runs a hotel.
(2) The farmer killed a snake.
(3) He received the first prize.
(4) She bought a green hat.
(5) Poonam filled the jug with water.
(6) The soldiers fired their guns.
(7) The pirates sank the ship
(8) The boy flew kites.
(9) The referee stopped the football game.
(10) We grow ornamental plants in our garden.
(1) runs (2) killed, (3) received (4) bought, (5) filled, (6) fired, (7) sank, (8) flew, (9) stopped (10) grow
Fill in the gaps with appropriate auxiliary verbs in brackets:
(1) Mohan. not scold any body. (is, has, does)
(2) Who beating the cow? (is, does, are)
(3) The patient………. died before the doctor arrived (have, was, had)
(4) She…….. going to library these days. (was, is, were)
(5) Rama ………stolen your shoes. (is, has, does)
(6) My father …………..watering the plants. (did, was, had)
(7) She………..not waste her time. (did, was, is)
(8) Why …………..you broken my mobile? (are, do, have)
(9). …………..you take a bath everyday? (is, do, did)
(10) …………the teacher give test yesterday? (was, had, did)
(1) does, (2) is, (3) had, (4) is, (5) has, (6) was, (7) did, (8) have, (9) Do, (10) Did
Find out the common errors in the following sentences and rewrite them:
(1) A crate of empty bottles were left in the backyard.
(2) We have received your letter last evening.
(3) He shook my hand.
(4) He is suffering from malaria since Monday.
(5) One and one makes eleven.
(6) If he will work hard, he will become a doctor.
(7) Stop to learn.
(8) They have audited our accounts on May of 1996 and 1997
(9) What make you cry?
(10) I did not know what did he want.
(1) A crate of empty bottles was left in the backyard.
(2) We received your letter last evening
(3) He shook hands with me.
(4) He has been suffering from malaria since Monday.
(5) One and one make eleven.
(6) If he works hard, he will become a doctor.
(7) Stop learning.
(8) They audited our accounts on May of 1996 and 1997.
(9) What makes you cry?
(10) I did not know what he wanted.
Make appropriate correction in the following sentences:
(1) It does not rain heavily last year.
(2) The sun rises at 5 o'clock yesterday.
(3) I do not remember what he did.
(4) He have won a scholarship by working hard.
(5) I am reading a book when my uncle came.
(6) This plan won't work. Isn't it?
(7) He did not see that the teacher is standing behind me.
(8) The snake bit the child when he is trying to catch it.
(9) The mother heard that the child is crying.
(10) Mohan has reached home before it started raining.
(1) It did not rain heavily last year.
(2) The sun rose at 5 o'clock yesterday.
(3) I do not remember what he was doing.
(4) He won a scholarship by working hard.
(5) I was reading a book when my uncle came.
(6) This plan won't work. Won't it?
(7) He did not see that the teacher stood behind me.
(8) The snake bit the child when he was trying to catch it.
(9) The mother heard that the child was crying.
(10) Mohan had reached home before it started raining.
Make appropriate correction in the following sentences:
(1) Do not come next Sunday. I go to U.S.A.
(2) He has set up a big factory. Isn't it?
(3) Lata does not recognise me when I went to see her.
(4) They knows several persons here.
(5) It is February. The next month be March.
(6) He always made fun of others.
(7) God helped those who help themselves.
(8) It happens in the year 1944.
(9) He was reaching here at 4 o'clock.
(10) They had broken the lock before I bring the key.
(1) Do not come next Sunday. I shall go to U.S.A.
(2) He has set up a big factory. Hasn't he?
(3) Lata did not recognise me when I went to see
(4) They know several persons here.
(5) It is February. The next month will be March.
(6) He always makes fun of others.
(7) God helps those who help themselves.
(8) It happened in the year 1944.
(9) He will be reaching here at 4 o'clock.
(10) They had broken the lock before I brought the key.